How to do light graffiti
Light graffiti is a wonderful new form of legal graffiti art which changes urban space yet leaves no trace. All you need is a camera and a battery powered torch to transform your surroundings into amazing art!
Bascially, light graffiti – also known as light painting or light scribing – is about combining time-lapse photography with light sources to imprint photographs with stunning, vibrant light. Light graffiti is more concerned with the skill and imagination of the artist than the size of their wallet. To give light graffiti a go, all you need to get started is your camera…
Equipment needed for light graffiti
- Portable light sources to play with. These lights will be your spraycan, oh graffiti light artist of the streets! Think glowsticks, torches (flashlights), bike lights and blinking LED lights (or anything that works with batteries). Think lightsources you can wave and move around. Sparklers are perfect, and fireworks are good to work with, too. On the whole, it’s best to stick to battery powered lights unless you’re planning on doing some interior light graffiti and can plug your light sources into a mains plug.
- All you need to get started is your camera and an understanding of how to control shutter speed; light graffiti demands longer exposures of anywhere from several seconds to many minutes. Ideally, you’ll have a camera which can handle a really slow shutter speed.
- A tripod is handy, as mentioned above. You need your camera to be still to get the precision and movement of the light.
How to do light graffiti
Find a spot you think would benefit from having light lines superimposed on it in a photograph. This has to be done at night, really, or in a dark setting.
Then, to create light graffiti, you or a friend will stand in front of the camera with a light. After you open the shutter, you can begin moving the light to draw shapes and patterns in the air. If you move quickly enough, the camera won’t record a person, only the patterns of light you leave behind. The camera may also record the background if it is spotlit by other light sources, such as the moon or a streetlight.
If you move around a lot while creating your art piece, you should end up a mere blur – if you appear at all. It’s down to so many factors – your shutter speed, the steadiness of your camera, how fast or wildly you move… You may be invisible in the photo. You may be a ghost. Half the art is in getting the results you want. The other half is in not knowing, just playing!
The exposure on your camera should be set at somewhere between 10 and 30 seconds, but can be as long as you need to get the effect you want. If you have an SLR camera, set the camera to ISO 100 and close the aperture as much as you can. If there is still too much light you may have to use a ND-filter. If your setting isn’t dark enough, a higher aperture number (16 or higher) may darken the scene sufficiently to let you write more light graffiti. If you have an average digital camera you can always try setting your camera up on a tripod or flat surface, turning off the flash, and seeing if it will work for you. It’s really important though that your camera doesn’t move in the slightest – because then everything will blur. And you’ll be pioneering blur graffiti, not light graffiti.
Light graffiti tips
Don’t neglect your surroundings. Anything that’s spotlit should appear in the picture. Churches and major buildings are often underlit at night and make great backdrops. If you just happen to have a big halogen lamp you can use it to spotlight anything from statues to trees.
Experiment with your light sources. Use different lights and reflect them off things to see what happens.
Experiment with the way you use those light sources! You don’t have to be a Lichtfaktor from the word go. It’s enough to discover what light can do. Can it make simple lines? Does it fuzz? Can it create patterns?
Light graffiti artists write words on visual backgrounds in the style of a technological Tracey Emin. They draw charming cartoons by adding character to inanimate objects, turn various objects into monsters and much more. All using nothing more than light.
But this is a new trend. Established light graffiti artists haven’t come up with everything that can be done with light yet. Maybe you can discover something new about lightscribing.